History of tulips
For centuries, tulip was the secret jewel of Persia. Then, it seduced all the Europe before becoming the national symbol of Netherlands.
It is believed that its roots come from the roof of the world, Tibetan Himalayas, when they dyed the mountains red and orange as soon as the spring arrived. Gradually the view seduced many to transport the bulb to the plains and that is where the international conquest of the tulips began.
The tulip has been grown in Baghdad and Isfahan since the 10th century. There were about a hundred species of tulips from Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.
In the beginning of the 16th century, turkey was a great power. For a long time, tulip was the exclusive domain of Constantinople’s opulent gardens. The proud sultan quickly acquired the flower, which was originally from Iran, Afghanistan and Kazakhstan. The magnificent sultan’s palace was filled with superb tulips. It had become the symbol of the greatest sultans of the time. At that time, a human life was worth less than a tulip and its sale was strictly forbidden. He gave this treasure to a friend as a gift, so it flew to Austria and Netherlands afterwards. So, soon many foreign travelers found this secret flower and its fame started to spread beyond the sultan’s walls, catching the attention of European princes.
The tulip trade was then hit by a wind of madness. In a few years, the tulip had become the cult flower of the moment and the bulbs became a product which was negotiated at gold prices. It was then that it became the subject of cultivation. They wanted to create a multitude of varieties, each more beautiful and rarer that the other.
In the 17th century buyers had to band together to buy a single bulb of a rare kind, in which they shared joint ownership. All this for a sheet of paper that confirmed you were the owner of a tulip bulb!
Tulipomania was at its peak between the years of 1634 and 1637.
The government ended this bizarre trade and the market collapsed overnight. All of a sudden, the excitement came to an end. Gradually, they allowed tulips to grow in gardens not only at the end of winter, but also in spring and summer.
As a result of this adventure, a few centuries ago, the tulip was associated with pride, wealth, fame and blindness of the spirit in floral symbolism.
They were compared with the turban worn by Turkish people and that’s where the name tulip comes from.
Today there are over 400 varieties listed. There are two types of tulips; botanic and horticultural. More than a hundred botanical tulips are known as wild tulips.
Among the colors we have white, pink, salmon, orange, yellow, crimson, scarlet, purple, ….
A lovely vase full of tulips would certainly bring a lot of joy to the room.
Today, in Netherlands, the tulip still is and always will be the most important flower.
They occupy over half of the bulb fields. In the nature, the flower opens in the morning and closes in the evening.
At the very beginning of the spring, the tulip, with its many colors, is the queen of flowers, before the rose replaces as the summer comes.